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EIA Notes Upward Trend Of Natural Gas Production
April 19, 2018

According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), natural gas production in the U.S. is projected to break the domestic record in 2018, and again in 2019.

Continuing a trend of the past decade, these increases have been driven by an explosion in shale gas production, the EIA reports. And with supply remaining high, reports say natural gas prices nationally are expected to remain steady in upcoming months.

While consumers could continue to benefit in coming years, the affordability of natural gas may be a boon to manufacturers and job creation as well. With natural gas expected to remain the most-consumed fuel in the U.S. industrial sector, according to the EIA, areas accessible to ample reserves are gaining ground as prime places to build plants.

Shale’s abundance in the Marcellus and Utica reserves of the northeast U.S. and Ohio Valley has made that region more desirable as a potential location for petrochemical plants, according to a new report from London-based IHS Markit Ltd., an information and analysis company for industries such as financials markets; aerospace; defense and security; automotive; chemical; energy; maritime and trade; and technology. The report notes that, because of the availability of natural gas and natural gas liquids, the region is positioned to surpass the Gulf Coast as the most profitable place to build a petrochemical plant.

“Because of lower natural gas feedstock costs, cash costs are 23 percent lower than on the Gulf Coast,” says Greg Kozera, P.E., who is director of marketing for Shale Crescent USA, an author, and a past president of the Virginia Oil & Gas Association.

The U.S. surpassed Russia in 2009 as the world’s largest natural gas producer, according to the EIA. Natural gas from the Marcellus and Utica shale reserves accounted for approximately 30 percent of total U.S. natural gas production in December 2017, and the area is expected to account for more than 37 percent of the national output by 2040, according to the EIA and the IHS Markit report.

“It has abundant availability of ethane and propane, natural gas liquids used in petrochemical production and plastics manufacturing,” Kozera says. “By 2040 the area is projected to produce almost as much natural gas as the entire United States did in 2005, prior to the shale revolution.”

Just a decade ago, according to U.S. News and World Report, coal provided roughly 50 percent of the fuel used to generate the nation’s electric power while natural gas accounted for less than 20 percent. Since the shale revolution and cheaper natural gas, the share of electricity generated from natural gas reached an all-time high of nearly 34 percent in 2016, exceeding coal’s share (30.4 percent) for the first time ever.

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